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    英語演講7. Malcolm X - The Ballot or the Bullet



    2008-10-16 22:19

    英語演講7. Malcolm X - The Ballot or the Bullet


    7. Malcolm X - The Ballot or the Bullet

    Mr. Moderator, Reverend Cleage, Brother Lomax, brothers and sisters, and
    Malcolm friends --and I see some enemies.

    In fact, I think we’d be fooling

    Read Abourselves if we had an audience this large and didn’t realize that there
    History were some enemies present.

    Free Re Toolbar

    This afternoon we want to talk about "The ballot or the bullet." The ballot BlackHisto
    or the bullet explains itself. But before we get into it, since this is the year
    of the ballot or the bullet, I would like to clarify some things that refer to
    me personally --concerning my own personal position.

    The DNA Project.

    I'm still a Muslim. That is, my religion is still Islam. My religion is still

    Trace you Islam. I still credit Mr. Mohammed for what I know and what I am. He's the
    ancestraone who opened my eyes. At present, I'm the Minister of the newlyDNA Dis
    founded Muslim Mosque, Incorporated, which has its offices in the Teresaethnic o

    Hotel, right in the heart of Harlem --that’s the black belt in New York city. www.dnaa
    And when we realize that Adam Clayton Powell is a Christian minister, he’s
    the --he heads Abyssinian Baptist Church, but at the same time, he’s more
    famous for his political struggling.

    And Dr. King is a Christian Minister, in Atlanta --from Atlanta Georgia --or TripleGro.
    in Atlanta, Georgia, but he’s become more famous for being involved in the
    civil rights struggle. There’s another in New York, Reverend Galamison --I
    don’t know if you’ve heard of him out here --he’s a Christian Minister from
    Brooklyn, but has become famous for his fight against a segregated school
    system in Brooklyn. Reverend Cleage, right here, is a Christian Minister,
    here in Detroit. He’s the head of the “Freedom Now Party.“
    All of these are
    Christian Ministers --All of these are Christian Ministers, but they don’t
    come to us as Christian Ministers. They come to us as fighters in some
    other category.

    I’m a Muslim minister. The same as they are Christian Ministers, I’ma
    Muslim minister. And I don’t believe in fighting today in any one front, but
    on all fronts. In fact, I’m a "Black Nationalist Freedom Fighter." Islam is my
    religion, but I believe my religion is my personal business. It governs my
    personal life, my personal morals. And my religious philosophy is personal
    between me and the God in whom I believe; just as the religious
    philosophy of these others is between them and the God in whom they

    And this is best this way. Were we to come out here discussing religion,
    we’d have too many differences from the outstart and we could never get
    together. So today, though Islam is my religious philosophy, my political,
    economic, and social philosophy is Black Nationalism. You and I --As I say,
    if we bring up religion we’ll have differences; we’ll have arguments; and
    we’ll never be able to get together. But if we keep our religion at home,
    keep our religion in the closet, keep our religion between ourselves and our
    God, but when we come out here, we have a fight that’s common to all of
    us against a [sic] enemy who is common to all of us.

    The political philosophy of Black Nationalism only means that the black
    man should control the politics and the politicians in his own community.
    The --The time --The time when white people can come in our community
    and get us to vote for them so that they can be our political leaders and
    tell us what to do and what not to do is long gone. By the same token, the
    time when that same white man, knowing that your eyes are too far open,
    can send another negro into the community and get you and me to support
    him so he can use him to lead us astray --those days are long gone too.

    The political philosophy of Black Nationalism only means that if you and I
    are going to live in a Black community --and that’s where we’re going to
    live, 'cause as soon as you move into one of their --soon as you move out
    of the Black community into their community, it’s mixed for a period of
    time, but they’re gone and you’re right there all by yourself again. We
    must --We must understand the politics of our community and we must
    know what politics is supposed to produce. We must know what part
    politics play in our lives. And until we become politically mature we will
    always be mislead, lead astray, or deceived or maneuvered into supporting
    someone politically who doesn’t have the good of our community at heart.
    So the political philosophy of Black Nationalism only means that we will
    have to carry on a program, a political program, of re-education to open
    our people's eyes, make us become more politically conscious, politically
    mature, and then we will --whenever we get ready to cast our ballot, that
    ballot will be --will be cast for a man of the community who has the good
    of the community of heart.

    The economic philosophy of Black Nationalism only means that we should
    own and operate and control the economy of our community. You would
    never --You can’t open up a black store in a white community. White men
    won’t even patronize you. And he’s not wrong. He’s got sense enough to
    look out for himself. You the one who don’t have sense enough to look out
    for yourself. The white man --The white man is too intelligent to let
    someone else come and gain control of the economy of his community. But
    you will let anybody come in and take control of the economy of your
    community, control the housing, control the education, control the jobs,
    control the businesses, under the pretext that you want to integrate. No,
    you're out of your mind.

    The political --The economic philosophy of Black Nationalism only means
    that we have to become involved in a program of reeducation to educate
    our people into the importance of knowing that when you spend your dollar
    out of the community in which you live, the community in which you spend
    your money becomes richer and richer; the community out which you take
    your money becomes poorer and poorer. And because these negroes, who
    have been mislead, misguided, are breaking their necks to take their
    money and spend it with The Man, The Man is becoming richer and richer,
    and you’re becoming poorer and poorer. And then what happens? The
    community in which you live becomes a slum. It becomes a ghetto. The
    conditions become run down. And then you have the audacity to --to
    complain about poor housing in a run-down community. Why you run it
    down yourself when you take your dollar out.

    And you and I are in a double-track, because not only do we lose by taking
    our money someplace else and spending it, when we try and spend it in
    our own community we’re trapped because we haven’t had sense enough
    to set up stores and control the businesses of our community. The man
    who’s controlling the stores in our community is a man who doesn’t look
    like we do. He’s a man who doesn’t even live in the community. So you
    and I, even when we try and spend our money in the block where we live
    or the area where we live, we’re spending it with a man who, when the sun
    goes down, takes that basket full of money in another part of the town.

    So we’re trapped, trapped, double-trapped, triple-trapped. Anywhere we
    go we find that we’re trapped. And every kind of solution that someone
    comes up with is just another trap. But the political and economic
    philosophy of Black Nationalism --the economic philosophy of Black
    Nationalism shows our people the importance of setting up these little
    stores and developing them and expanding them into larger operations.
    Woolworth didn’t start out big like they are today. They started out with a
    dime store and expanded and expanded and then expanded until today,
    they’re are all over the country and all over the world, and they get to
    some of everybody’s money. Now this is what you and I --General Motors
    [is] the same way. They didn’t start out like it is. It started out just a little
    rat race type operation. And it expanded and it expanded until today it's
    where it is right now. And you and I have to make a start and the best
    place to start is right in the community where we live. #p#副標題#e#

    So our people not only have to be reeducated to the importance of
    supporting black business, but the black man himself has to be made
    aware of the importance of going into business. And once you and I go into
    business, we own and operate at least the businesses in our community.
    What we will be doing is developing a situation wherein we will actually be
    able to create employment for the people in the community. And once you
    can create some --some employment in the community where you live it
    will eliminate the necessity of you and me having to act ignorantly and
    disgracefully, boycotting and picketing some "cracker" some place else
    trying to beg him for a job.

    Anytime you have to rely upon your enemy for a job, you’re in bad shape.
    When you have --He is your enemy. Let me tell you, you wouldn’t be in
    this country if some enemy hadn’t kidnapped you and brought you here.
    On the other hand, some of you think you came here on the Mayflower.

    So as you can see brothers and sisters, today --this afternoon, it's not our
    intention to discuss religion. We’re going to forget religion. If we bring up
    religion, we’ll be in an argument, and the best way to keep away from

    arguments and differences, as I said earlier, put your religion at home --in
    the closet. Keep it between you and your God. Because if it hasn’t done
    anything more for you than it has, you need to forget it anyway.

    Whether you are --Whether you are a Christian, or a Muslim, or a
    Nationalist, we all have the same problem. They don’t hang you because
    you’re a Baptist; they hang you 'cause you’re black. They don’t attack me
    because I’m a Muslim; they attack me 'cause I’m black. They attack all of
    us for the same reason; all of us catch hell from the same enemy. We’re all
    in the same bag, in the same boat. We suffer political oppression,
    economic exploitation, and social degradation --all of them from the same
    enemy. The government has failed us; you can’t deny that. Anytime you
    live in the twentieth century, 1964, and you walkin' around here singing
    “We Shall Overcome,“
    the government has failed us.

    This is part of what’s wrong with you --you do too much singing. Today it’s
    time to stop singing and start swinging. You can’t sing up on freedom, but
    you can swing up on some freedom. Cassius Clay can sing, but singing
    didn’t help him to become the heavyweight champion of the world;
    swinging helped him become the heavyweight champion. This government
    has failed us; the government itself has failed us, and the white liberals
    who have been posing as our friends have failed us.

    And once we see that all these other sources to which we’ve turned have
    failed, we stop turning to them and turn to ourselves. We need a self help
    program, a do-it --a-do-it-yourself philosophy, a do-it-right-now
    philosophy, a it’s-already-too-late philosophy. This is what you and I need
    to get with, and the only time --the only way we're going to solve our
    problem is with a self-help program. Before we can get a self-help program
    started we have to have a self-help philosophy.

    Black Nationalism is a self-help philosophy. What's so good about it? You
    can stay right in the church where you are and still take Black Nationalism
    as your philosophy. You can stay in any kind of civic organization that you
    belong to and still take black nationalism as your philosophy. You can be
    an atheist and still take black nationalism as your philosophy. This is a
    philosophy that eliminates the necessity for division and argument. 'Cause
    if you're black you should be thinking black, and if you are black and you
    not thinking black at this late date, well I’m sorry for you.

    Once you change your philosophy, you change your thought pattern. Once
    you change your thought pattern, you change your --your attitude. Once
    you change your attitude, it changes your behavior pattern and then you
    go on into some action. As long as you gotta sit-down philosophy, you’ll
    have a sit-down thought pattern, and as long as you think that old sit

    down thought you’ll be in some kind of sit-down action. They’ll have you
    sitting in everywhere. It’s not so good to refer to what you’re going to do
    as a "sit-in." That right there castrates you. Right there it brings you down.
    What --What goes with it? What --Think of the image of a someone
    sitting. An old woman can sit. An old man can sit. A chump can sit. A
    coward can sit. Anything can sit. Well you and I been sitting long enough,
    and it’s time today for us to start doing some standing, and some fighting
    to back that up.

    When we look like --at other parts of this earth upon which we live, we
    find that black, brown, red, and yellow people in Africa and Asia are getting
    their independence. They’re not getting it by singing “We Shall Overcome.“
    No, they’re getting it through nationalism. It is nationalism that brought
    about the independence of the people in Asia. Every nation in Asia gained
    its independence through the philosophy of nationalism. Every nation on
    the African continent that has gotten its independence brought it about
    through the philosophy of nationalism. And it will take black nationalism --
    that to bring about the freedom of 22 million Afro-Americans here in this
    country where we have suffered colonialism for the past 400 years.

    America is just as much a colonial power as England ever was. America is
    just as much a colonial power as France ever was. In fact, America is more
    so a colonial power than they because she’s a hypocritical colonial power
    behind it.

    What is 20th --What do you call second class citizenship? Why, that’s
    colonization. Second class citizenship is nothing but 20th century slavery.
    How you gonna tell me you’re a second class citizen? They don’t have
    second class citizenship in any other government on this earth. They just

    have slaves and people who are free. Well this country is a hypocrite. They
    try and make you think they set you free by calling you a second class
    citizen. No, you’re nothing but a 20th century slave.

    Just as it took nationalism to move --to remove colonialism from Asia and
    Africa, it’ll take black nationalism today to remove colonialism from the
    backs and the minds of 22 million Afro-Americans here in this country.

    And 1964 looks like it might be the year of the ballot or the bullet.

    Why does it look like it might be the year of the ballot or the bullet?
    Because Negroes have listened to the trickery, and the lies, and the false
    promises of the white man now for too long. And they’re fed up. They’ve
    become disenchanted. They’ve become disillusioned. They’ve become
    dissatisfied, and all of this has built up frustrations in the black community

    that makes the black community throughout America today more explosive
    than all of the atomic bombs the Russians can ever invent. Whenever you
    got a racial powder keg sitting in your lap, you’re in more trouble than if
    you had an atomic powder keg sitting in your lap. When a racial powder
    keg goes off, it doesn’t care who it knocks out the way. Understand this,
    it’s dangerous.

    And in 1964 this seems to be the year, because what can the white man
    use now to fool us after he put down that march on Washington? And you
    see all through that now. He tricked you, had you marching down to
    Washington. Yes, had you marching back and forth between the feet of a
    dead man named Lincoln and another dead man named George
    Washington singing “We Shall Overcome.“
    He made a chump out of you.
    He made a fool out of you. He made you think you were going somewhere
    and you end up going nowhere but between Lincoln and Washington.

    So today, our people are disillusioned. They’ve become disenchanted.
    They’ve become dissatisfied, and in their frustrations they want action.

    And in 1964 you’ll see this young black man, this new generation asking
    for the ballot or the bullet. That old Uncle Tom action is outdated. The
    young generation don’t want to hear anything about the odds are against
    us. What do we care about odds?

    When this country here was first being founded there were 13 colonies.
    The --The whites were colonized. They were fed up with this taxation
    without representation, so some of them stood up and said “liberty or
    Though I went to a white school over here in Mason, Michigan, the
    white man made the mistake of letting me read his history books. He made
    the mistake of teaching me that Patrick Henry was a patriot, and George
    Washington, wasn’t nothing non-violent about old Pat or George

    Liberty or death was what brought about the freedom of whites in this
    country from the English. They didn’t care about the odds. Why they faced
    the wrath of the entire British Empire. And in those days they used to say
    that the British Empire was so vast and so powerful when the sun --the
    sun would never set on it. This is how big it was, yet these 13 little
    scrawny states, tired of taxation without representation, tired of being
    exploited and oppressed and degraded, told that big British Empire “liberty
    or death.“

    And here you have 22 million Afro-American black people today catching
    more hell than Patrick Henry ever saw. And I’m -- I’m here to tell you in
    case you don’t know it --that you got a new --you got a new generation
    of black people in this country who don’t care anything whatsoever about
    odds. They don’t want to hear you old Uncle Tom handkerchief heads
    talking about the odds. No. This is a new generation. If they’re gonna draft
    these young black men and send them over to Korea or South Vietnam to
    face 800 million Chinese --if you’re not afraid of those odds, you shouldn’t
    be afraid of these odds.

    Why is --Why does this loom to be such an explosive political year?
    Because this is the year of politics. This is the year when all of the white
    politicians are going to come into the Negro community. You never see
    them until election time. You can’t find them until election time. They’re
    going to come in with false promises, and as they make these false
    promises they're gonna feed our frustrations and this will only serve to
    make matters worse. #p#副標題#e#

    I’m no politician. I’m not even a student of politics. I’m not a Republican, Women
    nor a Democrat, nor an American, and got sense enough to know it. I’m Why Are
    one of the 22 million black victims of the Democrats, one of the 22 million Leaving

    Careers black victims of the Republicans, and one of the 22 million black victims of
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    Americanism. And when I speak, I don’t speak as a Democrat, or a Leaders
    Republican, *nor an American.* I speak as a victim of America’s so-called Women-in
    democracy. You and I have never seen democracy; all we’ve seen is
    hypocrisy. When we open our eyes today and look around America, we see
    America not through the eyes of someone who have --who has enjoyed

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    the fruits of Americanism, we see America through the eyes of someone Singles

    who has been the victim of Americanism. We don’t see any American Find Ho
    dream; we’ve experienced only the American nightmare. We haven’t Local Si
    benefited from America’s democracy; we’ve only suffered from America’s Today F
    hypocrisy. And the generation that’s coming up now can see it and are not Profiles,
    afraid to say it. Chat!

    If you --If you go to jail, so what? If you black, you were born in jail. If
    you black, you were born in jail, in the North as well as the South. Stop
    talking about the South. Long as you south of the --Long as you south of Tender
    the Canadian border, you’re south. Don’t call Governor Wallace a Dixie Search
    governor; Romney is a Dixie governor. Online G

    Twenty-two million black victims of Americanism are waking up and they’re Invitatio

    tendernew gaining a new political consciousness, becoming politically mature. And as
    they become --develop this political maturity, they’re able to see the
    recent trends in these political elections. They see that the whites are so
    evenly divided that every time they vote the race is so close they have to
    go back and count the votes all over again. And that...which means that

    Singlesany block, any minority that has a block of votes that stick together is in a

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    strategic position. Either way you go, that’s who gets it. You’re --You're in

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    a position to determine who will go to the White House and who will stay in

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    the dog house. You’re the one who has that power. You can keep Johnson Profiles
    in Washington D.C., or you can send him back to his Texas cotton patch. www.MyC
    You’re the one who sent Kennedy to Washington. You’re the one who put
    the present Democratic Administration in Washington D.C. The whites were
    evenly divided. It was the fact that you threw 80 percent of your votes
    behind the Democrats that put the Democrats in the White House.

    When you see this, you can see that the Negro vote is the key factor. And
    despite the fact that you are in a position to --to be the determining
    factor, what do you get out of it? The Democrats have been in Washington

    D.C. only because of the Negro vote. They’ve been down there four years,
    and they're --all other legislation they wanted to bring up they brought it
    up and gotten it out of the way, and now they bring up you. And now, they
    bring up you. You put them first, and they put you last, 'cause you’re a
    chump, a political chump. #p#副標題#e#
    In Washington D.C., in the House of Representatives, there are 257 who
    are Democrats; only 177 are Republican. In the Senate there are 67
    Democrats; only 33 are Republicans. The Party that you backed controls
    two-thirds of the House of Representatives and the Senate, and still they
    can’t keep their promise to you, 'cause you’re a chump. Anytime you throw
    your weight behind a political party that controls two-thirds of the
    government, and that Party can’t keep the promise that it made to you
    during election time, and you’re dumb enough to walk around continuing to
    identify yourself with that Party, you’re not only a chump, but you’re a
    traitor to your race.

    And what kind of alibi do they come up with? They try and pass the buck to
    the Dixiecrats. Now back during the days when you were blind, deaf, and
    dumb, ignorant, politically immature, naturally you went along with that.
    But today as your eyes come open, and you develop political maturity,
    you’re able to see and think for yourself, and you can see that a Dixiecrat
    is nothing but a Democrat in disguise.

    You look at the structure of the government that controls this country; it’s
    controlled by 16 senatorial committees and 20 congressional committees.
    Of the 16 senatorial committees that run the government, 10 of them are
    in the hands of Southern segregationists. Of the 20 congressional
    committees that run the government, 12 of them in the --are in the hands
    of Southern segregationists. And they're going to tell you and me that the
    South lost the war.

    You, today, have --are in the hands of a government of segregationists,
    racists, white supremacists who belong to the Democratic party, but
    disguise themselves as Dixiecrats. A Dixiecrat is nothing but a Democrat.
    Whoever runs the Democrats is also the father of the Dixiecrats, and the
    father of all of them is sitting in the White House. I say and I say it again:
    You got a President who’s nothing but a Southern segregationist from the
    state of Texas. They’ll lynch you in Texas as quick as they’ll lynch you in
    Mississippi. Only in --in Texas they lynch you with a Texas accent; in
    Mississippi they lynch you with a Mississippi accent.

    And the first thing the cracker does when he comes in power, he takes all
    the Negro leaders and invites them for coffee to show that he’s alright. And
    those Uncle Toms can’t pass up the coffee. They come away from the
    coffee table telling you and me that this man is alright 'cause he’s from the
    South, and since he’s from the South he can deal with the South. Look at
    the logic that they’re using. What about Eastland? He’s from the South.
    Make him the President. He can --If Johnson is a good man 'cause he’s
    from Texas, and being from Texas will enable him to deal with the South,
    Eastland can deal with the South better than Johnson. Oh, I say you been
    mislead. You been had. You been took.

    I was in Washington a couple weeks ago while the Senators were
    filibustering, and I noticed in the back of the Senate a huge map, and on
    this map it showed the distribution of Negroes in America, and surprisingly
    the same Senators that were involved in the filibuster were from the states
    where there were the most Negroes. Why were they filibustering the civil
    rights legislation? Because the civil rights legislation is supposed to
    guarantee voting rights to Negroes in those states, and those senators
    from those states know that if the Negroes in those states can vote, those
    senators are down the drain. The Representatives of those states go down
    the drain. And in the Constitution of this country it has a stipulation
    wherein whenever the rights, the voting rights, of people in a certain
    district are violated, then the Representative who --who’s from that
    particular district, according to the Constitution, is supposed to be expelled
    from the Congress. Now, if this particular aspect of the Constitution was
    enforced, why you wouldn’t have a cracker in Washington D.C. But what
    would happen when you expel the Dixiecrat, you’re expelling the
    Democrat. When you destroy the power of the Dixiecrat, you’re destroying
    the power --power of the Democratic Party. So how in the world can the
    Democratic Party in the South actually side with you in sincerity, when all
    of its power is based in the --in the South?

    These Northern Democrats are in cahoots with the Southern Democrats.
    They’re playing a giant con game, a political con game. You know how it
    goes. One of them --One of them comes to you and makes believe he's for
    you, and he’s in cahoots with the other one that’s not for you. Why?
    Because neither one of them is for you, but they got to make you go with
    one of them or the other. So this is a con game. And this is what they’ve
    been doing with you and me all these years.

    First thing Johnson got off the plane when he become President, he asked
    “Where’s Dicky?“
    You know who “Dicky“
    is? Dicky is old Southern cracker
    Richard -- Richard Russell. Look here, yes. Lyndon B. Johnson’s best friend
    is the one who is the head, who’s heading the forces that are filibustering
    civil rights legislation. You tell me how in the hell is he going to be
    Johnson’s best friend? How can Johnson be his friend and your friend too?
    No, that man is too tricky. Especially if his friend is still old Dicky.

    Whenever the Negroes keep the Democrats in power, they’re keeping the
    Dixiecrats in power. Is this true? A vote for a Democrat is nothing but a
    vote for a Dixiecrat. I know you don’t like me saying that, but I...I’m not
    the kind of person who come here to say what you like. I’m going to tell
    you the truth whether you like it or not.

    Up here, in the North you have the same thing. The Democratic Party don’t
    --don't do it --they don’t do it that way. They got a thing that they call
    gerrymandering. They --They maneuver you out of power. Even though
    you can vote, they fix it so you’re voting for nobody; they got you going
    and coming. In the South, they’re outright political wolves. In the North,
    they’re political foxes. A fox and a wolf are both canine, both belong to the
    dog family. Now you take your choice. You going to choose a Northern dog
    or a Southern dog? Because either dog you choose I guarantee you you’ll
    still be in the dog house. #p#副標題#e#

    This is why I say it’s the ballot or the bullet. It’s liberty or it’s death. It’s
    freedom for everybody or freedom for nobody. America today finds herself
    in a unique situation. Historically, revolutions are bloody. Oh, yes, they
    are. They haven’t never had a blood-less revolution, or a non-violent
    revolution. That don’t happen even in Hollywood. You don’t have a
    revolution in which you love your enemy, and you don’t have a revolution
    in which you are begging the system of exploitation to integrate you into it.
    Revolutions overturn systems. Revolutions destroy systems.

    A revolution is bloody, but America is in a unique position. She’s the only
    country in history in a position actually to become involved in a blood-less
    revolution. The --The Russian revolution was bloody; Chinese revolution
    was bloody; French revolution was bloody; Cuban revolution was bloody;
    and there was nothing more bloody then the American Revolution. But
    today this country can become involved in a revolution that won’t take
    bloodshed. All she’s got to do is give the black man in this country
    everything that’s due him --everything.

    I hope that the white man can see this, 'cause if he don’t see it you’re
    finished. If you don’t see it you’re going to be coming --you’re going to
    become involved in some action in which you don’t have a chance. And we
    don’t care anything about your atomic bomb; it's --it’s useless because
    other countries have atomic bombs. When two or three different countries
    have atomic bombs, nobody can use them, so it means that the white man
    today is without a weapon. If you’re gonna --If you want some action,
    you gotta come on down to Earth. And there's more black people on Earth

    than there are white people on Earth.

    I only got a couple more minutes. The white man can never win another
    war on the ground. His days of war, victory, his great --his days of that
    ground victory are over. Can I prove it? Yes. Take all the action that’s
    going on on this earth right now that he’s involved in. Tell me where he’s
    winning. Nowhere.

    Why some rice farmers --some rice farmers --some rice eaters ran him
    out of Korea. Yes, they ran him out of Korea. Rice eaters with nothing but
    gym shoes and a rifle and a bowl of rice took him and his tanks and his
    napalm and all that other action he’s supposed to have and ran him across
    the Yalu. Why? 'Cause the day that he can win on the ground has passed.

    Up in French Indo-China those little peasants, rice growers, took on the
    might of the French army and ran all the Frenchmen --you remember Dien
    Bien Phu. No.

    The same thing happened in Algeria, in Africa. They didn’t have anything
    but a rifle. The French had all these highly mechanized instruments of
    warfare, but they put some guerilla action on, and a --and a --and a
    white man can’t fight a guerilla warfare. Guerilla action takes heart, takes
    nerve, and he doesn’t have that. He’s brave when he’s got tanks. He’s
    brave when he’s got planes. He’s brave when he’s got bombs. He’s brave
    when he got a whole lot of company along with him, but you take that little
    man from Africa and Asia, turn him loose in the woods with a blade, with a
    blade --that’s all he needs, all he needs is a blade –-and when the sun
    comes down --goes down and it’s dark, it’s even-steven.

    So it’s the --it's the ballot or the bullet. Today our people can see that
    we’re faced with a government conspiracy. This government has failed us.
    The senators who are filibustering concerning your and my rights, that's
    the government. Don’t say it’s Southern senators. This is the government;
    this is a government filibuster. It’s not a segregationist filibuster. It’sa
    government filibuster. Any kind of activity that takes place on the floor of
    the Congress or the Senate, that's the government. Any kind of dillydallying,
    that’s the government. Any kind of pussy-footing, that’s the
    government. Any kind of act that’s designed to delay or deprive you and
    me right now of getting full rights, that’s the government that's
    responsible. And any time you find the government involved in a
    conspiracy to violate the citizenship or the civil rights of a people, then you
    are wasting your time going to that government expecting redress.
    Instead, you have to take that government to the World Court and accuse
    it of genocide and all of the other crimes that it is guilty of today.

    So those of us whose political, and economic, and social philosophy is Black
    Nationalism have become involved in the civil rights struggle. We have
    injected ourselves into the civil rights struggle, and we intend to expand it
    from the level of civil rights to the level of human rights. As long as you're
    --As long as you're fighting on the level of civil rights, you’re under Uncle
    Sam’s jurisdiction. You’re going to his court expecting him to correct the
    problem. He created the problem. He’s the criminal. You don’t take your
    case to the criminal; you take your criminal to court. When the
    government of South Africa began to trample upon the human rights of the
    people of South Africa, they were taken to the U.N. When the government
    of Portugal began to trample upon the --the rights of our brothers and
    sisters in Angola, it was taken before the U.N. Why even the white man
    took the Hungarian question to the U.N. And just this week Chief Justice

    Goldberg was crying over 3 million Jews in Russia about their human
    rights, charging Russia with violating the U.N. charter because of its
    mistreatment of the human rights of Jews in Russia.

    Now you tell me how can the plight of everybody on this earth reach the
    halls of the United Nations, and you have 22 million Afro-Americans whose
    churches are being bombed, whose little girls are being murdered, whose -
    whose leaders are being shot down in broad daylight. Now you tell me
    why the leaders of this struggle have never taken it before the United

    So our next move is to take the entire civil rights struggle problem into the
    United Nations and let the world see that Uncle Sam is guilty of violating
    the human rights of 22 million Afro-Americans.... #p#副標題#e#

    [short audio gap...content uncertain]

    [Uncle Sam...] and still has the audacity or the nerve to stand up and
    represent himself as the leader of the free world. Not only is he a crook,
    he’s a hypocrite. There he is standing up in front of other people, Uncle
    Sam, with the blood of your and mine mothers and fathers on his hands,
    with the blood dripping down his jaws like a bloody-jawed wolf, and still
    got the nerve to point his finger at other countries. You can’t even get civil
    rights legislation. And this man has got the nerve to stand up and talk
    about South Africa, or talk about Nazi Germany, or talk about [unclear].
    Nah, no more days like those.

    So, I say in my conclusion the only way we're going to solve it --we gotta
    unite in unity and harmony, and Black Nationalism is the key. How we
    gonna overcome the tendency to be at each other's throats that always
    exists in our neighborhoods? And the reason this tendency exists, the
    strategy of the white man has always been divide and conquer. He keeps
    us divided in order to conquer us. He tells you I’m for separation and
    you're for integration to keep us fighting with each other. No, I’m not for
    separation and you’re not for integration. What you and I is for is freedom.
    Only you think that integration will get you freedom, I think separation will
    get me freedom. We both got the same objective. We just got different
    ways of getting at it.

    So I...studied this man, Billy Graham, who preaches White Nationalism.
    That’s what he preaches. I say that’s what he preaches. The whole church
    structure in this country is White Nationalism. You go inside a white church
    --that’s what they preaching: White Nationalism. They got Jesus white,
    Mary white, God white, everybody white --that’s White Nationalism. So
    what he does --the way he --the way he --the way he circumvents the --
    the jealousy and envy that he ordinarily would incur among the heads of
    the church, wherever he go into an area where the church already is you
    going into trouble, 'cause they got that thing --what you call it --
    syndicated, they got a syndicate just like the Racketeers have. I’m going to
    say what’s on my mind 'cause the churches are, the preachers already
    proved to you that they got a syndicate.

    And when you're out in the rackets, whenever you're getting in another
    man’s territory, you know, they gang up on you. And that’s the same way
    with you --you ran into the same thing. So how Billy Graham gets around
    that, instead of going into somebody else’s territory, like he going to start
    up a new church, he don't --he doesn’t try to start a church. He just goes
    in preaching Christ. And he says everybody who believe in Him, you go

    wherever --you go wherever you find him. So this helps all the churches
    and so since it helps all the churches they don’t fight him.

    Well, we gonna do the same thing, only our gospel is Black Nationalism.
    His gospel is White Nationalism; our gospel is Black Nationalism. And the
    gospel of Black Nationalism, as I told you, means you should control your
    own --the politics of your community, the economy of your community,
    and all of the society in which you live should be under your control.
    And...once you...feel that this philosophy will solve your problem, go join
    any church where that’s preached. Don’t join a church where White


    Nationalism is preached. Now you can go to a negro church and be


    exposed to White Nationalism, 'cause you are --when you walk in a negro

    Online G

    church and a white Mary and some white angels --that Negro church is


    preaching White Nationalism.

    Invitatio tendernew

    But when you go to a church and you see the pastor of that church with a
    philosophy and a program that’s designed to bring black people together
    and elevate black people --join that church. Join that church. If you see
    where the NAACP is preaching and practicing that which is designed to

    King Go

    make Black Nationalism materialize --join the NAACP. Join any kind of

    organization -- civic, religious, fraternal, political, or otherwise that’s based

    You Ded
    on lifting the black man up and making him master of his own community.

    It’ll be --It’ll be the --the ballot or it’ll be the bullet. It’ll be liberty or it’ll
    be death. And if you’re not ready to pay that price don’t use the word
    freedom in your vocabulary.

    Black S
    One more thing: I was on a program in Illinois recently with Senator Paul Full text
    Douglas, a so-called liberal, so-called Democrat, so-called white man, for Black
    at...which time he told me that our African brothers were not interested in Over 12
    us in Africa. He said the Africans are not interested in the American Negro. everythi
    I knew he was lying, but during the next two or three weeks it’s my whoop
    intention and plan to make a tour of our African homeland. And I hope that sermonide
    when I come back, I’ll be able to come back and let you know how our
    African brothers and sisters feel toward us. And I know before I go there
    that they love us. We’re one; we’re the same; the same man who has Black C
    colonized them all these years, colonized you and me too all these years. Singles
    And all we have to do now is wake up and work in unity and harmony and God Ble
    the battle will be over. Hot Chr

    Private C
    I want to thank the Freedom Now Party and the [unclear]. I want to thank Profiles

    Milton and Richard Henley for inviting me here this afternoon, and also
    Reverend Cleage. And I want them to know that anything that I can ever
    do, at any time, to work with anybody in any kind of program that is
    sincerely designed to eliminate the political, the economic, and the social
    evils that confront all of our people, in Detroit and elsewhere, all they got
    to do is give me a telephone call and I’ll be on the next jet right on into the