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    英語演講4. FDR - Pearl Harbor Address to the Nation



    2008-10-16 22:19

    英語演講4. FDR - Pearl Harbor Address to the Nation


    4. FDR - Pearl Harbor Address to the Nation

    Mr. Vice President, Mr. Speaker, Members of the Senate, and of the
    House of Representatives:
    Yesterday, December 7th, 1941 a date which will live in infamy the United States of
    America was suddenly and deliberately attacked by naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan.
    The United States was at peace with that nation and, at the solicitation of Japan, was still in
    conversation with its government and its emperor looking toward the maintenance of peace in the Pacific.

    Indeed, one hour after Japanese air squadrons had commenced bombing in the American
    island of Oahu, the Japanese ambassador to
    the United States and his colleague delivered to our Secretary of State a formal
    reply to a recent American message. And while this reply
    stated that it seemed useless to continue the existing diplomatic negotiations, it contained no threat or hint of war or of armed attack.

    It will be recorded that the distance of Hawaii from Japan makes it obvious that the attack
    was deliberately planned many days or even weeks ago. During the intervening time, the
    Japanese government has deliberately sought to deceive the United States by false
    statements and expressions of hope for continued peace.

    The attack yesterday on the Hawaiian islands has caused severe damage
    to American naval and military forces. I regret to tell you that very many American lives have been lost. In
    addition, American ships have been reported torpedoed on the high seas between San Francisco and Honolulu.

    Yesterday, the Japanese government also launched an attack against Malaya.
    Last night, Japanese forces attacked Hong Kong.
    Last night, Japanese forces attacked Guam.
    Last night, Japanese forces attacked the Philippine Islands.
    Last night, the Japanese attacked Wake Island.
    And this morning, the Japanese attacked Midway Island.

    Japan has,
    therefore, undertaken a surprise offensive extending throughout the Pacific area.
    The facts of yesterday and today speak for themselves. The people of the United States have
    already formed their opinions and well understand the implications to
    the very life and safety
    of our nation. #p#副標題#e#

    As commander in chief of the Army and Navy, I
    have directed that all measures be taken for
    our defense. But always will our whole nation remember the character of the onslaught

    No matter how long it may take us to overcome
    this premeditated invasion, the American people in their righteous might will win through
    to absolute victory.

    I believe that
    I interpret the will of the Congress and of the people when I assert that we will not only defend ourselves to
    the uttermost, but will make it very certain
    that this form of treachery shall
    never again endanger us.

    Hostilities exist. There is no blinking at the fact
    that our people, our territory, and our interests are in grave danger.

    With confidence in our armed forces, with the unbounding determination of our people, we will
    gain the inevitable triumph so help us God.

    I ask that the Congress declare that
    since the unprovoked and dastardly attack by Japan on
    Sunday, December 7th, 1941, a state of war has existed between
    the United States and the Japanese empire.